Parliament has been sitting on a Saturday for the first time in 37 years to debate and vote on Boris Johnson’s Brexit deal.
What just happened?
MPs have supported a motion tabled by Independent MP Sir Oliver Letwin that “withholds approval” for Boris Johnson’s Brexit deal until legislation implementing it has been passed.
It was very close – the government lost by just 16 votes, by 322 to 306.
It was due to be followed by a vote on the main government motion – whether or not to back the deal. But the motion, as amended, was approved by MPs without a vote, as the government effectively accepted defeat.
A vote on a cross-party amendment on preventing a no-deal referendum and holding a second referendum was dropped.
What happens now?
Under the terms of the so-called Benn Act, the prime minister must send a letter to Brussels requesting a three month Brexit delay by midnight.
But Prime Minister Boris Johnson said: “I will not negotiate a delay with the EU and neither does the law compel me to do so.”
He added: “I continue in the very strong belief that the best thing for the UK, and for the whole of Europe is for us to leave with this new deal on 31 October, and to anticipate the questions that are coming from the benches opposite, I will not negotiate a delay with the EU.”
A Number 10 source said: “Parliament has voted to delay Brexit yet again.
“The prime minister will not ask for an extension – he will tell EU leaders there should be no delays, they should reject Parliament’s letter asking for a delay, and we should get Brexit done on 31 October with our new deal so the country can move on.”
The House of Commons Twitter account posted that the government now “must ask for an extension of Article 50 under the Benn Act and set out how it intends to proceed”.
What have opposition parties said?
Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn told MPs: “Today is an historic day for parliament because it said it will not be blackmailed by a prime minister who is apparently prepared once again to defy a law passed by this parliament.
“I invite him to think very carefully about the remarks he just made about refusing, apparently, to apply for the extension which the EU number two Act requires him to do.”
SNP justice and home affairs spokesperson Joanna Cherry tweeted: “So Boris Johnson loses again today but is threatening not to comply with BennAct or promises made to Scottish court.
“Just as well we are due back in court on Monday & Mr Speaker has just confirmed to me that he’ll sign Extension letter if court so requires.”
Is Boris Johnson’s deal now dead?
No. The government now plans to push ahead with the legislation enacting the treaty agreed by Boris Johnson in Brussels – the Withdrawal Agreement Bill.
They plan to hold the second reading of that bill on Tuesday, which would give MPs a chance to register their support – or not – for Boris Johnson’s Brexit deal.