Talks between the UK and the US on a post-Brexit trade agreement are to get under way this week.
The early negotiations will take place by videoconference, due to the Covid-19 pandemic, with the first round of talks expected to last two weeks and further sessions approximately every six weeks.
Ministers say they will drive a “hard bargain” as they seek to lower tariffs on exports and boost trade in services.
But Labour warn food standards and workers’ rights could be “sacrificed”.
Although US President Donald Trump has said he hopes to negotiate a quick deal, international trade agreements typically take many years to complete.
The UK government has estimated that eliminating tariffs and reducing other trade barriers with the US could boost the economy by between 0.07% and 0.16% over the next five years, depending on the exact terms.
But critics of Brexit say improved terms with the US cannot compensate for a more economically distant relationship with the EU, with whom the UK is negotiating a new trading relationship after its exit on 31 January.
Ahead of the start of the US talks, International Trade Secretary Liz Truss said the goal was to open up new markets for UK businesses, bring in increased investment and create new jobs across the whole of the country.
“Increasing transatlantic trade can help our economies bounce back from the economic challenge posed by coronavirus,” she said.
“As we sit down at the negotiating table, be assured that we will drive a hard bargain to secure a deal that benefits individuals and businesses in every region and nation of the UK.”
Each side will have about 100 negotiators working on their teams. The UK delegation is being led by Oliver Griffiths, a senior official at the Department of International Trade.
In an 180-page document setting out the UK’s objectives in March, ministers said they hoped to lower trade barriers faced by British car manufacturers, ceramics makers and producers of products such as cheddar cheese.
The UK has vowed to maintain consumer and environmental standards and protect the National Health Service, insisting that drug pricing and tendering of health services will not be “on the table”.
But the US government wants more access to UK markets for its farmers, which opposition parties and consumer groups have warned would likely necessitate a relaxing of standards.
One major sticking point is the existing UK ban on imports of chicken washed in chlorine and other disinfectants, which the EU has urged the UK to uphold but which the US argues is not based on scientific evidence.
Washington has also indicated that it wants to be able to veto the UK’s ability to strike deals with “non-market economies”, amid growing US tensions with China.
Woody Johnson, the US Ambassador to the UK, said the trade talks were a “huge opportunity” for both countries.
But shadow international trade secretary Emily Thornberry said the UK should be “wary” of President Trump’s intentions given he faces re-election in November.
“That is a recipe for a trade deal designed for the benefit of the major corporations behind American industry, farming and healthcare, which will have very real implications on workers’ rights, environmental protections, the food we eat and our beloved NHS,” she said.
“Labour will insist that any proposed trade deal is subject to proper scrutiny, and we will not let the interests of the British people be sacrificed to boost the profits of US corporations.”
The US, which published its outline for trade talks in February 2019, accounted for nearly 19% of all UK exports in 2018 and 11% of imports.
While the EU remains the UK’s largest trading partner, total exports to the US in 2018 were worth more than twice the amount of any other single country.